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Go vs. Python in 2024: Comparing Performance & Features  — QIT

May 22, 2023 9 min read
"Go vs. Python in 2024: Comparing Performance

The majority of development teams hold forums to choose which language is ideal for their project. For each reason you can imagine, there is a language for it. The two coding languages Golang and Python are frequently the sticking points for developers. You may compare the two languages using all of the parameters provided in this lesson. Take a look at a quick introduction to both Golang and Python before you compare the two.

What is Python?

Python is a well-liked, in-demand programming language with an easy-to-understand syntax. Guido van Rossum began working on Python in 1989, and it was made public in 1991. The well-known BBC comedy program “Monty Python’s Flying Circus” is where Python gets his moniker. Python has been utilized in a wide range of systems and applications because of its many libraries and community support.

Python gives preference to indentation for blocks instead of curly braces.  The standard indentation suggests using four spaces in ordinary Python code. Both tabs and spaces are supported in standard Python programming.

What is Golang?

Google introduced the open-source programming language Golang in 2009. The Go programming language was created to do away with all the extra baggage that was included in languages like C++. A procedural, compiled, and statically typed language was created by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson to make maintaining Google’s infrastructure and codebases less difficult.

It solved a lot of problems, but it also had several shortcomings. One is that it does not support inheritance or have a large library. Furthermore, there is no support for object-oriented programming or a GUI library. However, it comes with goroutines, robust security, and certain common libraries.

On the offered playground at golang.org, you may run your code without any configuration.

Python vs. Go: Key Differences

pythong and golang key differences

The key differences between Python and Go are as follows:

PythonGo
Python uses the imperative, functional, procedural, and object-oriented paradigms.The paradigms of Go are procedural, functional, and concurrent.
Dynamically typed language.Statically typed language.
Concentrating more on creating web apps.A stronger focus on serving as a system language.
Python has a memory management system.Go also addresses memory management.
Code blocks are identified in Python syntax via indentation.The opening and closing braces form the foundation of Go syntax.
Python is dynamically-typed, meaning that it checks for bugs at run-time.A simple debugging approach is provided by Go web programming.
Object-Oriented programming, which supports functional concepts.Weak support for functional concepts and object orientation.
There are exceptions in Python.There are no exceptions in Go.
Both classes and objects exist in Python.Object-oriented programming is not supported in Go. As a result, it lacks classes and objects.
Python provides inheritance.Inheritance is not supported in Go.
Python is a well-known language used to address data science issues.Go is perfect for system programming.
In comparison to the Go language, it is less verbose.Compared to Python, it is more verbose.
It lacks an internal concurrency mechanism.Concurrency is supported.
When compared to Go, Python requires less code.To complete the same amount of actions, Go requires more code.
67.5 K Github stars.28.5 K Github stars
In the US, a Python developer makes an average pay of $120,359 per year.Go developer salaries start at around $64,089 annually.

Why use Python Language?

The following are key reasons for utilizing Python:

  • Python is a powerful object-oriented programming language;
  • Uses a simple syntax that is easy to read while writing programs;
  • Python covers a wide range of typical programming tasks since it comes with a sizable standard library;
  • Runs on a variety of platforms, including Windows, macOS, Unix, OS/2, and others;
  • Compared to Java, C, and C++, this language has a very simple syntax;
  • A huge library and practical tools for developers;
  • Python comes with its own built-in shell;
  • Python code is simpler to develop and debug than code written in other languages. As a result, maintaining its source code is not too difficult;
  • Python is a portable language, meaning it may be used on many different platforms and operating systems;
  • Python has a large number of prebuilt libraries, which simplifies the development process;
  • Python makes complicated programming easier. As it internally deals with memory addresses, garbage collection;
  • Python has an interactive shell that makes it easier to test things before they are actually implemented;
  • All of the main commercial DBMS systems have database interfaces available in Python.

Why use Go Language?

The following are key reasons for utilizing Go:

  • Depending on the kind of OS and architecture, it enables you to employ static linking to merge all dependent libraries and modules into a single binary file;
  • Because of the concurrency architecture and CPU scalability, Go language operated more effectively;
  • The Go language does not need any third-party libraries because it supports a wide range of libraries and tools;
  • It is statically, tightly typed programming language with excellent error handling.

Features of Python 

python features

Here are some key attributes of Python language:

  • Simple, minimal syntax;
  • High-performance;
  • It may use the same interface and run on different hardware platforms;
  • Easy to learn, read, and maintain;
  • Low-level modules can be added to the Python interpreter;
  • For complex projects, Python provides an ideal structure and support;
  • Python has automated garbage collection tools;
  • It allows dynamic type checking and provides high-level dynamic data types;
  • Python language can be integrated with Java, C, and C++ programming code;
  • Simply deployable statically linked binaries;
  • Fast compilation times;
  • It offers testing and debugging in an interactive way.

Features of Go

golang features

Here are some key attributes of Go language:

  • Package management;
  • Created at Google;
  • Garbage collection called goLand;
  • Easy concurrency support via goroutines;
  • Easy and readable code;
  • Static typing;
  • Features powerful standard library;
  • Open-source project;
  • Great libraries;
  • Concurrency support;
  • Compiled language.
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Python vs. Golang Comparison

golang or python

Performance

According to several tests, Go is up to 30 times quicker than Python. By resolving challenging tasks, you may compare how well the languages perform in this situation. Consider the amount of memory used and the amount of time required to solve the task.

Golang vs. Python performance: Golang wins.

Scalability

Go-based systems may grow and shrink because of their high concurrency and parallelism. It was designed to scale up and down to meet the demands of the corporation because it was created by Google and for Google. Python is less scalable because it lacks concurrency and multi-threading capabilities.

Golang vs. Python scalability: Golang wins.

Applications

The majority of systems programming is done in Golang. Golang has also found a lot of application and acceptance in cloud computing or cluster computing due to its built-in support for concurrency. Due to its strong and user-friendly libraries, which enable you to set up a web server in a matter of seconds, Golang has also gained a lot of popularity and use in the web development industry.

The contrast is that Python is frequently used in deep learning, artificial intelligence, data analytics, and web development. This can be largely attributed to the crazy Python packages that make life in the aforementioned domains much simpler.

Execution

It’s time to comprehend how Python and Go are run at this point. Python is a dynamically-typed language, but Golang is a statically-typed language. An interpreter and a compiler are used, respectively, by Python and Golang.

You will first comprehend the differences between statically typed and dynamically typed languages.

Because variable types are explicitly defined for the compiler in statically typed languages, even the smallest errors are quickly identified.

Because type inference is implemented by the interpreter in dynamically typed languages, certain defects may still exist as a result of wrong interpretations.

This suggests that the programmer has limitations when using Python, a dynamically typed language, to create a particularly large application. Go is capable of running both kinds of programs simultaneously.

Libraries

Python has gained a lot of users and businesses’ attention throughout its thirty years on the market. Modules, packages, libraries, and success stories are actively contributed by this sizable community of users. Go is a very young technology that lacks this assistance and is still developing a devoted following.

Golang vs. Python libraries: Python wins.

Readability

You will often collaborate with dozens or even hundreds of other developers when creating software. Code readability is the main thing to take into account in these situations.

Golang has stringent coding standards. It prohibits the definition of pointless variables and the import of pointless libraries. This suggests a certain method for carrying out a task, resulting in a better comprehension of code while working in a team. Although Golang’s syntax is not user-friendly for newcomers, it is not as harsh as C or C++.

Python, on the other hand, is incredibly readable. However, there are several methods to write a single line of code in Python, which mostly causes confusion in a team and time consumption.

The drawbacks of Python

A few flaws of Python language:

  • Python is utilized on fewer platforms because of its slow speed, and it is not employed in applications where speed is crucial. Python’s sluggishness can be attributed to the fact that it is an interpreted, dynamically typed language. Code that is executed line by line frequently runs slowly;
  • Mobile computing is weak, hence it is not used in app development;
  • Python displays more faults at run-time because it is dynamic;
  • Rudimentary and underdeveloped database access layer;
  • Lack of commercial backing.

The drawbacks of Go

A few flaws of Go language:

  • Lack of frameworks: GoLang programmers have no access to any significant frameworks. Other programming languages like Python have Django, Ruby has Ruby on Rails, and PHP has Laravel;
  • Go is not a generic language; it lacks generic support. This is brought on by the duplication of programs for similar processes using various data types. Furthermore, the lack of generic support prevents the implementation of particular data structures;
  • In the Early Development Stage: It’s challenging for Golang developers to get the most out of the language’s libraries while it’s still under development. There isn’t much support available through the Go community in case of uncertainty

To Conclude

Python and Go are both easy to use and learn. Python has a large and active community, while Go is quick. The burden of the developer is significantly reduced by Python and Golang’s highly plain syntax. Go is mostly used for server-side applications in development. Python is the language of choice for data scientists and most likely will remain so for a very long time.

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